Must-Learn Full Stack Developer Languages for a Beginner Specialist!

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full stack web developer

Full-stack developers are professionals who can work on both the front-end and back end of a website. They organize a website creation process from start to finish and therefore should know all the different aspects of making a website function.

If you’re interested in this hybrid specification, that’s great! As a full-stack developer, you will have a varied and exciting job with many responsibilities. But what languages should you learn to become a full-stack developer? This blog post will discuss the full-stack developer languages that every field specialist should know.

But first, let’s figure out:

Who is a full-stack developer?

Before jumping into the description of a full stack developer, make yourself familiar with the two main branches of website development.

A front-end developer is responsible for the look and feel of a website. Front-end specialists work on the visual elements, like the layout, colors, fonts, and images. In short, a front-end developer is responsible for the UI/UX of the website.

Back-end developers play in the background of the website. They work on the behind-the-scenes aspects, like user authentication, data storage, and other functionality. So, front-end developers give a human-friendly shape and look at what the back-end developers create. 

A full-stack developer is a hero who combines those two jobs. Unlike web designers, full-stack developers are responsible for the overall functionality of a website. They create websites from zero, working in all the separate components that make up a final digital entity.

What are the responsibilities of full-stack developers?

Well, full-stack developers do everything related to website construction. But this might be a too broad explanation; that’s why here is the detailed breakdown of the full-stack developer’s role. 

  • Creating the prototypes of websites in tight cooperation with user interface teams
  • Developing robust front end architecture for flawless user interactions 
  • Developing a powerful back-end for fetching data from servers
  • Conducting or controlling database and server administration duties
  • Ensuring a smooth running of the web product on all operating systems
  • Surveying end-users and testing the product to determine product effectiveness at the pre-launch state
  • Organizing the final launch of the product and controlling the fixing of bugs or any interruptions of the website. 

How to become a full-stack developer?

Which full stack developer languages do you need to master? 

To successfully organize all the above-mentioned processes, you need to master the full-stack development skills necessary for succeeding in the field. Along with several soft skills such as effective communication and attention to detail, you need to learn full-stack development languages in the first place. Learning some web development coding languages will serve as a perfect gateway for entering the market as a beginner specialist. 

So, which languages do you need to learn? Below are the essential ones!

HTML

HTML is the standard HyperTextMarkup language for creating the essential elements of web pages, such as structure sections, links, and paragraphs. It’s a good idea to learn HTML if you want to become a full-stack developer, as the first step of most websites is written in HTML. 

Developers use it to specify the appearance of web elements in the browser. However, HTML is not considered a coding language, as it doesn’t allow dynamic functionality creation.

WildLearner offers FREE courses for HTML with a FREE certificate upon completion of online lessons. 

CSS

CSS is a language for customizing the presentation of web pages. If HTML helps build the basic elements, CSS is what adds style to the website layout. It allows developers to style HTML tags, such as font color, size, spacing, and position. With CSS, you can build responsive websites that look perfect on any screen size. The language sometimes allows for creating animated content for the website. 

JavaScript

JavaScript is one of the most popular programming languages for the front-end, which helps to add interactivity to websites. With JavaScript, you can add dynamic content to your website, such as 3D buttons, moving sections, video materials, etc. JavaScript is a client-side programming language. It runs directly in the user’s browsers, making the language significantly quick and convenient to use. In addition, it freely runs with various APIs.

Interested in more details of JavaScript? Check out our Java vs. JavaScript comparison guide, with a link to a FREE JavaScript course. 

Python

Python is a versatile scripting language that’s widely used in web development, scientific computing, data analysis, artificial intelligence, and more. It’s easy to learn for beginners and has many modules and libraries that robust software development. For example, using Python’s Flask or Pyramid frameworks, you can organize data authorization and content for your website. It would be inspiring to know that Mozilla, Reddit, and Spotify used Python for creating their sites. 

Interested in the fastest way to learn Python? Check out our ultimate guide for mastering the language, with a hint to a FREE learning source for it!

SQL

SQL is a standard database query language that’s used to manage data in relational databases. Its syntax is used to insert, update, delete, and retrieve data from an extensive database with raw data. SQL helps to extract insights from databases and use them for business analysis. What does it have to do with web development? Most applications are built on top of databases that store user information; that’s why it’s a must-learn coding language for full-stack developers.

If SQL’s robust functionality seems interesting for you, this detailed guide on SQL and its applications is a must-read for you. 

Final thoughts

If the career of website builder is appealing for you, make sure you save the above list of full stack developer languages. Having them under your belt, you’ll be able to create dynamic and functional websites from scratch!